This book was first published in 1999, and one chapter in particular includes the in-depth research conducted by Denis Blight, Dorothy Davis and Alan Olsen. The research in this chapter was intended for international students studying abroad. The chapter is divided into 3 sections, but more notably the section Internationalisation of higher education institutions. The writers begin this section explaining how international student programmes are beneficial and add diversity to institutions and their local communities. Emphasis was placed on the scope of internationalisation in the 1990s. Knight (1997-98) suggested a process approach to internationalisation of core functions of a university where ‘internationalisation of higher education is the ‘process of integrating an international/intercultural dimension into the teaching, research and service’ of the institution. More of Knight’s research is discussed further, talking about his view on student internationalisation. He adds how the internationalisation of the student population ‘adds cultural diversity’ to an institution and its community. Universities have the opportunity to increase awareness and understanding of the new and differing development that affect the political, economic and multicultural experiences within nations. These students find this international curriculum more beneficial than the national curriculum. It is also said that internationalisation of higher education students leads to a ‘demand for international exchanges and familiarises the nation’s own students with the world and their region’.
This article was released in 2002 and is featured in the magazine ‘Computers & Education’. It is written by both John Milliken and L. Phillip Barnes in Northern Ireland. This article explains the importance of teaching and technology in higher education as well as the perceptions and personal reflections of the students. Universities in the United Kingdom have been faced with essential and rapid change with the outcome of a drastic move from what can be described as an important concept of education to a popular idea. The ways you can gain entry to university course has diversified, and because of this the population of students at university have diversified with reference to age, gender, race, beliefs and socio-economic status. It is said that the purpose of higher education is to advance the social, cultural, scientific, political and technological aspects of life to the next generation of students in order for them to test, reject and recreate part of it. It is also said that universities have more rulings apart from improving the elements of learning to which the students must respond to. It is said that reflection is an important activity in human life as it allows for people to recapture their experience. This reflection and evaluation is vital in when it comes to learning and the improvement of teaching. Critical reflection is a necessary activity in order to initiate educational change and improving educational aspects.